Vet shortage threatens cattle industry

Kansas is facing a shortage of veterinarians that tend to livestock. Students are focused on smaller animals like dogs and cats. The livestock industry and universities are looking for ways to ease the shortage.


State News

May 19, 2021 - 9:03 AM

A herd of curious cattle in Bressner Pasture investigate a possible source of food. Photo by Trevor Hoag / Iola Register

TOPEKA — Kansas, a state that relies heavily on the cattle industry to power its economy, faces a shortage of the veterinarians that tend to the livestock.

So it’s launched a task force to find how to draw more people who can doctor the livestock driving billions of dollars in economic activity.

Cattle ranching and related businesses employ nearly 39,000 people and contribute an estimated $8.7 billion to the Kansas economy.

The veterinarian shortage poses more than just an inconvenience for people who ranch cattle or run cow-calf operations. If a cow needs a C-section and a vet isn’t available, that can mean a lost calf — and lost revenue.

“If you don’t have a veterinarian that you can contact to provide the various vet services, it can have devastating impacts to your business,” Deputy Kansas Agriculture Secretary Kelsey Olson said.

State officials, the livestock industry and universities are looking for ways to ease the shortage. The Rural Veterinary Workforce Development Task Force is starting with a survey to determine where livestock producers have the greatest need for veterinarians.

Olson said one factor is that many students entering veterinary school are interested in tending to cats and dogs, rather than heifers and hogs.

“We see that taking off,” she said. “Many of the students are coming in with that experience and wanting to specifically focus on small animals.”

In addition, Olson said it’s a challenging job. A rural vet might be on call every weekend. Working in a larger practice in a city can seem more appealing. More staff can share the demands with rotating weekend shifts.

Still, Kansas is doing better at training large animal vets than many other states.

Brad White, a Kansas State University professor and director of the Beef Cattle Institute, said about 25% of the school’s graduates work in mixed or large animal practices. He said the nationwide average is only around 14%.

He’s urging livestock producers to take the survey to help the group find out where veterinary shortages are the most severe. He thinks about it the same way he would treat an animal disease.

“I want to be able to get a diagnosis. I want to know, exactly what are we dealing with?,” White said. “Then I can come up with what’s the best treatment plan.”

Some veterinary programs at K-State already focus specifically on food animals. White said fixing the shortage likely isn’t as simple as growing those programs.

“Is it education? Is it on the supply side? Is it on the demand side? Where is the discrepancy?” he said.

The people taking part in the effort believe it won’t be an easy task to sort all that out.

“I don’t think there’s a quick fix,” said Matt Teagarden, CEO of the Kansas Livestock Association.