A study published this week in JAMA Pediatrics reinforces a sobering reality: that far too many minors are gaining access to firearms and either committing suicide or accidentally killing themselves or others. Last year more than 4,500 children age 17 or younger were killed or wounded with guns. While suicide statistics for 2018 arent available, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has reported a sharp rise in recent youth suicides, about half of which historically have involved a gun.
But the new study also concluded that up to a third of accidental gun deaths and suicides among children could be avoided if the adults with whom they lived locked up their guns. Results of this modeling study suggest that a relatively modest uptake of a straightforward safe storage recommendation lock all household firearms could result in meaningful reductions in firearm suicide and unintentional firearm fatalities among youth, the study concluded. Thats a big if. An earlier study found that only 30% of self-identified gun owners who lived with children safely stored their guns. Even people who should know better fail at such a basic safety step. Last weekend, a 4-year-old boy in Toledo found one of his fathers unsecured guns and fatally shot himself in the face. The boys father is an Ohio state trooper.
Frustratingly, only one state Massachusetts has a law requiring that all firearms be locked or safely stored when not in use, according to the Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence. California, one of 10 states with more limited storage laws, requires firearms owners to keep guns locked up or safely stored if they know children will be present, and requires that trigger locks be sold with firearms unless the buyer provides proof that he owns a gun safe. Note that it doesnt require the owner to actually use them. Los Angeles adheres to a tougher standard, requiring all guns in the home be secured unless they are within immediate reach of the owner. Nationwide, the vast majority of states leave the decision on whether to store firearms safely up to the gun owner. And as studies show, thats dangerous. The Violence Policy Center has reported that states with the toughest gun laws also tend to have lower rates of gun ownership and lower rates of gun deaths. Easy access to firearms is a significant part of our current state of our national carnage.