More than 30 million people in the United States have diabetes, and 1 in 4 of them dont know they have it. Another 84 million adults in the U.S. have prediabetes, a health condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
Why is prediabetes a concern? A person with prediabetes is at high risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Being overweight, age 45 and older, and minimal levels of physical activity (less than 3 times per week) are risk factors for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. Other risk factors include family member, such as a parent or sibling, who has type 2 diabetes, along with if you had gestational diabetes when pregnant, or being African American, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian, Alaska Native, Pacific Islander, or Asian American.
Some risk factors for type 2 diabetes cant be changed, such as your age and family history. Being overweight, eating unhealthy food, physical inactivity, and smoking are risk factors you can change and bring about big improvement.